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The Role of Women in Georgian History

Georgia, located in the Caucasus region, has a rich and complex history that spans thousands of years. From the ancient Colchis kingdom to the modern-day Georgian Republic, women have played a vital role in shaping the country's culture, politics, and society. In this blog post, we'll explore the important contributions of Georgian women throughout history.

Women in Ancient Georgia

In ancient Georgia, women held a prominent position in society. The Colchis kingdom, which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century AD, was famous for its powerful female rulers. Queen Tamar, who ruled Georgia from 1184 to 1213, is considered one of the greatest monarchs in Georgian history. She expanded the country's borders, promoted trade, and supported the arts and education.

Queen Tamar was not the only powerful woman in ancient Georgia. In fact, many women held positions of power and influence during this time. For example, Queen Mithridates, who ruled in the 1st century BC, was known for her military prowess and strategic thinking. She led her army to victory against the Roman Empire and was respected by her subjects for her leadership.

Women in Medieval Georgia

During the medieval period, Georgian women continued to play a significant role in society. Many women were involved in the arts, including poetry, music, and dance. Queen Ketevan, who ruled Georgia from 1601 to 1605, was a patron of the arts and supported the development of Georgian literature.

Women also played a role in the country's religious life. Saint Nino, who lived in the 4th century, is credited with bringing Christianity to Georgia. She is considered one of the most important figures in Georgian history and is revered by both Christians and non-Christians alike.

Women in Modern Georgia

In the 19th and 20th centuries, Georgian women played an active role in the country's political and social movements. In 1918, Georgia became the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote. Women's organizations, such as the Georgian Women's Society, were established to promote women's rights and education.

During the Soviet era, women in Georgia had access to education and employment opportunities. However, they still faced discrimination and were underrepresented in leadership positions. After Georgia gained independence in 1991, women's rights organizations continued to advocate for gender equality.

Contemporary Women in Georgia

Today, women in Georgia continue to make significant contributions to the country's culture and society. Women are well-represented in politics, with several women serving in high-level government positions. In 2018, Salome Zurabishvili was elected as Georgia's first female president.

Georgian women are also active in the arts and media. Nino Haratischwili, a Georgian writer, has gained international acclaim for her novels and plays. Women are also prominent in the Georgian film industry, with several female directors and producers making waves both domestically and internationally.

Challenges Facing Women in Georgia

Despite the progress made in recent years, women in Georgia still face challenges. Gender-based violence is a significant issue, with one in three women experiencing physical or sexual violence in their lifetime. Women are also underrepresented in certain industries, such as science and technology.

Another challenge facing women in Georgia is the gender pay gap. Women in Georgia earn, on average, 35% less than men. This is partly due to the fact that women are more likely to work in low-paying industries and have less access to education and training.

Women's Rights Organizations in Georgia

Women's rights organizations in Georgia are working to address these challenges and promote gender equality. The Georgian Women's Movement, founded in 1994, is one of the oldest and most influential women's organizations in the country. The organization works to promote women's rights and increase women's participation in politics and public life.

Other women's organizations in Georgia include the Women's Fund in Georgia, which provides funding and support to women's rights groups, and the Women's Information Center, which provides information and resources to women on a wide range of issues.


Throughout Georgia's history, women have played a vital role in shaping the country's culture, politics, and society. From powerful queens to modern-day politicians and artists, Georgian women have made significant contributions that continue to shape the country today. While challenges remain, women's rights organizations continue to advocate for gender equality and work towards a more equitable society for all. It is important to recognize the important role that women have played in Georgian history and to continue to support their efforts to achieve gender equality.





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