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Learning about Georgian history at the National Museum

If you're planning a trip to Georgia, the National Museum in Tbilisi is a must-visit destination. This museum is a treasure trove of Georgian history, culture, and art. The museum's collection spans thousands of years, from prehistoric times to the present day, and offers visitors a fascinating glimpse into the country's rich heritage.

The History of the National Museum

The National Museum of Georgia was founded in 2004, and it is located in the heart of Tbilisi. However, the museum's history dates back to the 19th century when it was first established as the Caucasian Museum. Over time, the museum's collection grew, and it became a leading institution for the study of Georgian history and culture.

The museum was closed during the Soviet era, but it was reopened in the 1990s after Georgia gained independence. Since then, the museum has undergone extensive renovations and has become one of the country's most important cultural institutions.

What to Expect at the National Museum

The National Museum is home to a vast collection of artifacts, art, and documents that tell the story of Georgia's past. Here are some of the highlights:

The Archaeological Gallery is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient history. It features artifacts from the Paleolithic era to the medieval period, including stone tools, pottery, and jewelry.

One of the most impressive exhibits in the Archaeological Gallery is the Gold of Colchis exhibit. Colchis was an ancient kingdom that existed in what is now western Georgia. The exhibit features gold jewelry and other artifacts that were discovered in Colchis tombs.

The Numismatic Gallery is home to one of the largest collections of coins in the world. The collection spans thousands of years and includes coins from ancient Greece, Rome, Persia, and the Ottoman Empire.

Visitors can see coins from the ancient Greek city of Miletus, which was an important trading center in the 6th century BC. The collection also includes coins from the Roman Empire, such as the silver denarius, which was used throughout the empire.

The Ethnographic Gallery showcases traditional Georgian costumes, household items, and musical instruments. It's a fascinating glimpse into the daily lives of Georgians throughout history.

Visitors can see traditional Georgian clothing, such as the chokha, which is a long wool coat worn by men. The gallery also features musical instruments, such as the panduri, which is a three-stringed instrument that is still used in Georgian music today.

The Fine Arts Gallery is home to an impressive collection of Georgian art, including paintings, sculptures, and decorative arts. The collection spans from the Middle Ages to the present day and includes works by some of Georgia's most famous artists.

One of the most famous works in the Fine Arts Gallery is the "Madonna and Child" painting by the 13th-century artist, Shota Rustaveli. The gallery also features modern art, such as the works of the Georgian artist, Niko Pirosmani.

The Soviet Occupation Gallery is a sobering reminder of Georgia's recent history. The exhibit details the Soviet Union's occupation of Georgia from 1921 to 1991 and the impact it had on the country and its people.

Visitors can see photographs, documents, and personal items that belonged to Georgians who lived through the Soviet occupation. The exhibit also features a replica of a KGB prison cell, which gives visitors a sense of the harsh conditions that political prisoners endured.

Tips for Visiting the National Museum

Here are some tips to help you make the most of your visit to the National Museum:

  • Give yourself plenty of time: The museum is massive, and you'll need at least a few hours to see everything.
  • Take a guided tour: A guided tour will help you navigate the museum and give you a deeper understanding of the exhibits.
  • Visit the museum shop: The museum shop has a great selection of books, souvenirs, and traditional Georgian crafts.
  • Check the museum's website for special events: The museum hosts lectures, concerts, and other events throughout the year.


The National Museum of Georgia is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Georgian history, culture, and art. The museum's collection is vast and offers visitors a fascinating glimpse into the country's rich heritage. Whether you're interested in ancient history, numismatics, or fine arts, there's something for everyone at the National Museum. So, if you're planning a trip to Georgia, be sure to add the National Museum to your itinerary.




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